THERE – Theory and Empiricism of Religious Evolution: Foundation of a Research Program

System-Theoretical Foundation of the Theory of Evolution

The Latin word fānum describes the holy place dedicated to the gods. Therefore, the profānum is the place in front of the temple, but which is directed towards (pro) the fānum. The Latin word templum and the Greek word τέμενος can be traced back to the root τεμ (= to cut). Thus, sanctuary means the cut off, and with the cut the distinction between immanent and transcendent is met, which is strongly bound to the physical space, though. However, what is limited this way does not belong to one side of the distinction, it symbolizes it as wholesome, creates its metonymic unity. A physical place or building can never depict the pure transcendence, because the depiction is always performed under immanent conditions.

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